Our liver, which averages a mere three pounds , is the largest organ inside the human body. This amazing chemical processing facility performs at least 500 known functions within our bodies. It is such a complicated chemical factory that biochemists have not even remotely approached developing a machine of any size which accomplishes even a fraction of the same functions.
The liver stores vitamins, detoxifies poisons, stabilizes the body's blood sugar level, builds enzymes, and more. The liver filters enough blood in a single year to fill 23 milk trucks. The liver also plays an important role in our digestive process. Digestion could not take place without the interrelated function of our liver, mouth, tongue, intestines, stomach, and pancreas. If these organs are not all working in perfect concert, we will have major (and potentially fatal) problems.
Observing how all of our body parts work together in such harmony should lead everyone to conclude that mankind was intelligently fashioned by a supreme mind-our Creator God.
The Human Body: Accident or Design?, p. 37-38
And if the ear should say, "Because I am not an eye, I am not of the body," is it therefore not of the body? ...But now God has set the members, each one of them, in the body just as He pleased. -1 Corinthians 12:16-19 NKJV
Even the very smallest bones of our feet testify to specific design by incredible intelligence. One-fourth of all our body's bones are in the feet. Our feet have been ingeniously designed to perform the functions of many modern machines:
All of these features are extremely helpful-especially in view of the fact that the average person walks about 65,000 miles in his/her lifetime. This is the equivalent to walking around the world more than two and one half times.
Anyone doubting the existence of his Creator need look no further than his own feet.
The Human Body: accident or Design?, p. 21-22
Great are the works of the LORD; they are pondered by all who delight in them. Psalm 111:2
Human hair is actually a complex functioning feature, not just a simple cosmetic addition to our bodies. Not only does hair provide warmth an enhanced appearance, but it has multiple design functions to enhance life. For instance, hair is an integral part of the body's protection system. Eyelashes protect our eyes by triggering them to almost instantly and involuntarily close when dust strikes the lashes. Body hair serves as tiny livers. Each hair is connected to a muscle which squeezes oil from adjacent glands that keep our skin from drying out. Hair even acts as a filter for particulates caught in the nose and ears.
Hair is also "programmed" to grow to specific lengths and thicknesses in various places on the body. Eyelashes, for example, do not grow as long or thick as scalp hair. They grow to a certain length, fall out, and are replaced by new hair. Who planned it this way? Clearly, one can see evidence of design in both the function and placement of even the simple hairs on out bodies.
Evolution does not explain where the complex programming to create even a single hair came from. Human hair is not a leftover skin covering from our "ape ancestry."
The Human Body: Accident or Design?, p.17
Are not two sparrows sold for a penny? Yet not one of them will fall to the ground apart from the will of your Father. And even the very hairs of your head are numbered. So don't be afraid; you are worth more than many sparrows. -Matthew 10:29-31
Our blood vessels are an incredible pipeline system which networks our entire body. The vessels come in three basic types: arteries, veins, and capillaries. Capillaries are microscopic vessels that link the smallest arteries to the veins. They are the most abundant type of blood vessels. About 40 capallaries laid end to end measure only one inch. Yet they are so numerous that if all of the capillaries in our body were laid end to end they would stretch around the equator two times!
Blood is pumped into the capillaries with enough force to drive the plasma through the porous walls of these tiny vessels, thus nourishing surrounding cells. However, the pressure is not too great that the red and white blood cells are lost or the capillaries burst. There must be an absolutely perfect balance of pressure between the blood flowing within the vessel, the blood being forced through the vessel walls, and the blood in and around the body's cells. Without question, the design of our blood vessels and the perfect balance of pressure required to maintain life is testimony to our Designer.
The Human Body: Accident or Design? p.42-44capillaries
To Him who alone does great wonders, for His loving kindness is everlasting... -Psalm 136:4 NASV
All efficient machines have control systems to regulate their operation. The human body also has control systems. For example, the endocrine system is one type of control center that uses chemical stimulation. It puts more than 100 different chemicals (called hormones) directly into the blood stream to trigger specific bodily activities. Humans could not survive without this system.
Even more complex is the fact that the endocrine system must coexist with the circulatory and nervous systems. Each chemical hormone is so specialized that it transmits its message to only certain target cells that have special receptors capable of recognizing the specific chemical. The hormone molecules have a specific shape that only allows them to attach to other molecules with a corresponding shape, much like a lock and key. The hormones have no effect anywhere else in the body.
Hormones are basically coded messages sent out at the right time, to the right place, and in the right amounts to regulate the functions of our body. Common Sense tells us that all messages require an intelligent originator. How does evolution explain the programmed messages used by our hormonal system?
The Human Body: Accident or Design? p. 72-73
"Your hands shaped me and made me." -Job 10:8
The 206 bones in the human skeletal system are an engineering marvel. It is a rigid support for the body's organs and tissues and serves as protection for the brain, lungs, heart, and spinal cord. Bones also act as levers, enabling muscles to move the body. They provide a reservoir of essential minerals. Bones contain 99% of the calcium, 88% of the phosphorus, plus many other trace elements needed by the body. In addition to support and storage, bones act as chemical factories producing red blood cells, certain white blood cells, and platelets within their marrow.
Incredibly, when a bone is broken, it immediately starts to repair itself. Engineers are continually trying to develop strong, lightweight structural materials, but have yet to devise a substance that grows continuously, lubricates itself, requires no shutdown time, and repairs itself when damaged. Man's frame work is the most suitable that could be devised in material, structure, and arrangement.
It would seem total foolishness to accept the teaching that our bones had no designer except mutations, natural selection, and time.
The Human Body: Accident or Design? p.19-21
Declare his glory among the nations, his marvelous deeds among all peoples. -1 Chronicles 16:24
Our eye's lens is truly a marvel of chemistry. It contains a very high concentration of protein molecules in a transparent water solution. This discovery amazed scientists, because protein molecules in water solutions are not transparent. After much research, scientists discovered that the concentration of protein molecules in the lens of the eye is so high that they pack together like the molecules of window glass. this results in the normally opaque protein solution becoming transparent.
For how many years was an evolving creature forced to stumble around half-blind before random mutations happened upon the prefect protein, in the perfect concentration, to pack together in exactly the right way, to make his eye lens transparent? W hy didn't natural selection drive the creature to extinction before the lens developed properly? Once again, creation makes sense, while evolution leaves us questioning the logic of its conclusions.
Letting God Create Your Day, Vol. 3, p.104
Understand, you senseless among the people; and you fools, when will you be wise? He who planted the ear, shall He not hear? He who formed the eye, shall He not see? -Psalm 94:8,9
In order for our eyes to see, many chemical and electrical reactions must take place in the proper sequence. Even more importantly, these reactions must happen almost instantaneously for us to see what is happening, while it is still happening.
Researchers have recently discovered just how quickly light causes the first chemical change within our eye. In order for our brain to see an image, a chemical in our eye which is sensitive to light must respond as soon as a photon of light strikes it. This type of chemical change is called a photochemical reaction. Photochemical reactions are the basis of how photographic paper works, but the reactions that result in a printed picture are extremely slow compared to the photochemical reactions in our eye. The fastest photographic film requires the camera lens to remain open for about 1/10,000 of a second. Biologists have found that the eye's photo-chemistry is so fast that the first reaction in the sequence takes place in approximately 1/5,000,000,000 (one-five billionth) of a second. This is 500,000 times faster than our best film capabilities.
Our attempt to duplicate the processes in our eyes fall short of god's original design by such an extreme amount that Darwin himself admitted that the human eye seemed to defy his theory of evolution.
Letting God Create Your Day, Vol. 3, p. 108
Oh, that men would praise the LORD for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men! - Psalm 107:15 KJV
One of the many incredible chemicals produced by our bodies is a complex sugar called hyaluronic acid. This sugar is an effective lubricant that is found in both people and animals. What makes this molecule so versatile is its elasticity, which allows it to absorb shock and return to its original shape. It is hyaluronic acid which lubricates our joints, makes our skin elastic, and protects delicate tissues within our eyes. Because of its many unique and desirable properties, hyaluronic acid is added to cosmetics, skin moisturizers, and shaving creams. In addition, it has been found useful in areas varying from the treatment of arthritis to eye surgery.
The primary problem with putting this marvelous chemical into even more widespread use is that it is tremendously expensive to obtain. Chemists are diligently trying to find less expensive methods for producing this complex natural lubricant, but have yet to succeed. Does it make logical sense to believe that random-chance processes created chemicals that scientists must spend years of study and planning to duplicate?
Letting God Create Your Day, Vol. 3, p. 112
For you make me glad by your deeds, O LORD; I sing for joy at the works of your hands. -Psalm 92:4
David L. Berliner, University of Utah anatomist, discovered the purpose of the vomeronasal organ - VNO for short. In animals the VNO detects odorless pheromones (chemicals used to communicate messages such as the readiness to mate). For many years evolutionists thought that the human VNO was a useless vestigial organ left over from our distant past. Berliner discovered that the centimeter-long organ in our nose detects odorless human pheromones using a totally different detection system from our sense of smell. This specifically designed organ sends its messages to the hypothalamus (which is responsible for our drives and emotions), while our noses are wired to other sections of the brain.
The discovery of the purpose of the VNO shows that there is still much to learn about our bodies. With continued research, scientists are learning that the organs they once thought to be useless are proving to have very important functions. This is no surprise to creation scientists, who understand that our Creator would not have made anything without a purpose.
Letting God Create Your Day, Vol.3, p.135
Can you fathom the mysteries of God? Can you probe the limits of the Almighty? They are higher than the heavens-what can you do? They are deeper than the depths of the grave-what can you know? -Job 11:7,8
Babies naturally know how to nurse. Unborn children even practice by sometimes sucking their thumbs in the womb.
When oxytocin reaches the breast, cells are stimulated to contract, thus forcing milk into the ducts which carry a perfectly designed liquid to the nipple. Milk starts flowing out of the breast within 30 seconds of a baby beginning to nurse.
Is it reasonable to believe this precise sequence of events happened by chance?
The Human Body: Accident or Design?, p. 91-92
Let them give thanks to the LORD for his unfailing love and his wonderful deeds for men, for he satisfies the thirsty and fills the hungry with good things. - Psalm 107: 8-9
Atheists argue that we have "useless" organs which prove that we have evolved. Creationists respond that since the knowledge of the body is incomplete, we cannot know that an organ is useless. In the 1890's, scientists said that the human body had about 200 features that were useless leftovers of our evolutionary past. As a result of this evolutionary belief, doctors in the 1950's were quick to remove a child's tonsils. As our knowledge has increased, we have found that the organs on that list (such as tonsils, appendix, thyroid gland, and pituitary gland) have very important functions. Today we know our tonsils have several jobs and are a necessary part of our immune system. Our appendix has been found to serve as a backup system for other organs, such as taking over some of the spleen's functions when it is damaged. The thyroid gland is now known to be vital for body growth. Too much or too little of this gland's hormone, thyroxine, will cause all of our other organs to become over or underactive. We also know that the pituitary gland ensures proper growth of the skeleton and proper functioning of the thyroid, adrenal, and sex glands. When the pituitary gland does not work properly it can lead to Cushing's Syndrome (giantism).
True science has found useful functions for virtually all the so-called "leftover" organs. Yet if we evolved from some other life form, our bodies should be full of leftover nonfunctional features. Where are they all?
In the Minds of Men, p. 264-274
"This is what the LORD says- your Redeemer, who formed you in the womb: I am the LORD, who has made all things... who overthrows the learning of the wise and turns it into nonsense...." - Isaiah 44: 24, 25
Our kidneys are such extremely complex yet reliably designed organs that we can survive with a single kidney working at a fraction of its capacity. Each of these two dark red, bean-shaped organs is about the size of an adult fist and performs many absolutely critical functions within our bodies. The kidney's primary function is to filter impurities and toxins from our blood.
Each kidney has three layers, called the cortex, the medulla, and the pelvis. Blood flows into the cortex and medulla through the renal artery. The renal artery then branches into smaller vessels which connect to a blood filtration unit within the kidney called a nephron. Two normal kidneys have about two million nephrons (60 miles in combined length), which purify all of the body's blood approximately every 50 minutes. Over 400 gallons of blood are pumped through the kidneys each day. After being purified, about 99% of the blood's fluid is recycled back into the body for further use.
Many engineers over countless hours have worked to design artificial kidneys. Why would anyone accept that these comparatively huge and inefficient artificial kidneys have an intelligent designer, yet refuse to see God behind the infinitely more intricately designed kidneys within our bodies?
The Human Body: Accident or Design? p. 69-71
Consider what God has done... - Ecclesiastes 7: 13
There are more than 600 muscles (containing about six billion muscle fibers) in the human body. They make up about 40% of the body's weight. Some muscles are voluntary, like the muscles of the arms and legs. One must "think" to move these types of muscles. Other muscles, like the heart and the intestines, are involuntary. The contraction and relaxation of these muscles cannot be consciously controlled.
Frequently, muscles work in pairs. For example, the biceps in the upper arm pulls the forearm up, whereas the triceps moves the forearm down. This perfect design allows one muscle to rest while the other muscle is being used. Each muscle has its own stored supply of high-grade fuel made from food which the body converts into usable sugars. The muscle system also works together with other systems, like the nervous and skeletal systems. The nerve connections are required to signal muscles as to when to contract or relax. Without a doubt, their cooperative nature was planned.
Webster's Dictionary defines design as "deliberate, purposeful planning." Just looking at the interaction between muscles and the rest of our body parts, how can anyone help but conclude that we have a Designer?
The Human Body: Accident or Design?, p. 22-24
Your hands made me and formed me.... -Psalm 119: 73
The stomach is a remarkable organ. It is a baglike structure that serves as a temporary holding tank for food. The average adult stomach can hold about one and one-half quarts of food for three to four hours. During this time, the food is bathed with gastric juices which flow from three types of glands in the wall of the stomach. Amazingly, the stomach digests foods made of materials much tougher than itself. Scientists found we would have to boil much of our food in strong acids at 212 degrees F to do what our stomach and intestines do at the normal body temperature of 98.6 degrees F.
One of the most amazing things about the stomach is that it does not digest itself! Some of our stomach acids are strong enough to dissolve metal, yet they do not harm our stomach. The primary mechanism which keeps us from dissolving our own stomach is a thin gastric lining which continuously oozes a mucus coating. This coating forms a barrier between the acid and stomach wall. The mucus, somewhat alkaline, neutralizes the acid at the stomach wall and helps keep the stomach from digesting itself. The lining of the stomach sheds one-half million cells every minute and replaces them so quickly that we have what amounts to a new lining every three days. The stomach truly shows evidence of design.
The Human Body: Accident or Design?, p. 35-36
Know that the LORD is God. It is he who made us, and we are his.... - Psalm 100: 3
The human nervous system is the most remarkable communication center ever designed. It regulates the actions of organs; monitors the senses; and controls one's thinking, learning, and memory capacity all at the same time. The specialized nerve receptors in the sensory organs (eyes, ears, nose) receive millions of bits of information from the environment. They are constantly sending the data to the brain at a rate of 300 miles per hour by way of nerve fibers. The brain then analyzes the data and determines the right action to take.
Scientists have found that even the nervous system of simple animals such as a starfish is extremely complex. A single starfish's nerve ganglia and fibers have been described as more complex than London's entire telephone exchange system. If it took intelligence to design the sophisticated communication systems of the earth, why would we believe that blind chance devised the infinitely more intricate human nervous system?
The Human Body: Accident or Design?, p. 48-49
"This is what the LORD says- your Redeemer, who formed you in the womb: I am the LORD, who has made all things..." - Isaiah 44: 24
Any organism's reproductive system must be fully functional in order for the organism to reproduce itself. A closer look at one small aspect of the male's reproductive system reveals incredible complexity which could never have developed by mutational changes from some "simpler" system.
Human sperm cells, for example, are about 1/600th of an inch in length with three basic parts - the "head" (which holds the genetic information of the father), the "body" (which supplies the energy for movement), and the "tail" (which propels it). Human sperm can only survive within the narrow temperature range of 95 degrees F (plus or minus 2 degrees F). Yet the average human body temperature is 98.6 degrees F.
For this reason, a muscle within the walls of the male's scrotum adjusts the testicle location, closer or farther from the body, in order to maintain exactly the right temperature.
About 200 million sperm are made every 24 hours within the 750 feet of tiny twisted tubules. Inside of these coils are special cells called sertoli cells, which have an elaborate "communication network" allowing each cell to protect and care for about 150 sperm. Other small cells secrete testosterone (a male hormone), which must be exactly balanced with estrogen (a female hormone) in order to develop specific sexual characteristics. The production of these hormones is controlled by the pituitary gland in the brain. Every part of this complex system (plus much, much more) is required for the reproductive process so succeed. This clearly points to a masterful Designer.
The Human Body: Accident or Design? P. 79-83
My frame was not hidden from you when I was made in the secret place...your eyes saw my unformed body. All the days ordained for me were written in your book before one of them came to be. -Psalm 139:15, 16
The eye is an incredibly complex organ that moves 100,000 times in an average day. Numerous muscles and tear ducts are in place to keep them constantly moist, protected and functional. Our eyes process 1.5 million bits of information simultaneously and provide 80% of the sensory stimulation sent to the brain. They receive light images traveling at 186,000 miles per second through the iris, which opens or closes to let in just the right amount of light. These images travel through a lens, made of transparent cells, which focus them on the retina at the back of the eyeball. The retina covers less than one square inch of surface, yet this square inch contains approximately 134 million light-sensitive receptor cells. Approximately 130 million are rod cells (designed specifically to see in black and white), and 7 million are cone cells (allowing color vision). Finally, the image is sent at a rate of 300 miles per hour to the brain for processing. How could all of this have come about by some step-by-step, random-chance evolutionary process?
Mankind has designed and patterned the camera after the eye. It is only reasonable to acknowledge that the eye, which is an infinitely more complex instrument, was also designed by intelligence.
The Human Body: Accident or Design?, p. 56-58
Ears that hear and eyes that see-the LORD has made them both. -Proverbs 20:12
Ears that hear and eyes that see-the LORD has made them both. -Proverbs 20:12
Animals are much better prepared for physical survival at birth than humans. A newborn wildebeest stands and runs with its mother five minutes after birth. The baby elephant can follow its mother all day long within twenty-four hours after birth. Yet the newborn human is a completely helpless creature.
This the exact reverse of what one would expect if the Darwinian scenario were factual. According to evolutionary theory, those characteristics which aid in survival and reproduction will be the most likely propagated. How would infant vulnerability and lack of strength contribute to evolutionary survival and development? The physical helplessness of humans at birth is a vivid illustration of how dependent we are on God for our spiritual existence. It is also yet another of the countless evidences that evolution is not the method God used to bring us into existence. Instead, God designed humans to have adequate time to train their children to love and obey the One who created them and knows what is best for them.
The Human body: accident or Design? P, 92-93
Train a child in the way he should go, and when he is old he will not turn from it. - Proverbs 22:6
The human ear is an engineering marvel. This tiny organ has the intricate workings of the most sophisticated microphone, telephone wiring system, and balancing mechanism known to man. Sound waves enter the ear and pass along a tube to the middle ear. Stretched across this tube is a thin membrane called the eardrum. As the sound waves vibrate this thin tissue, the vibrations move into the middle ear, where they move three small bones. Tiny muscles attached to the bones amplify the movement and allow the bones to pass the vibrations to another membrane called the cochlea. The cochlea is filled with 25,000 auditory receptors that pick up the vibrations and transform them into electrical impulses. These impulses are sent by way of the auditory nerve to the brain. The brain receives up to 25,000 auditory signals per second and interprets them as voices, thunder, music, or a million other sounds.
Besides hearing, the ear also gives us our sense of balance. The cochlea is connected to three tubes called the semicircular canals. They are partially filled with fluids that move whenever the head moves. Nerve endings from these canals are also connected to the brain; and this, in cooperation with our muscles, allows us to balance properly. The ear's marvelously designed and coordinated workings demonstrate the incredible planning of a Master Designer.
The Human Body: Accident or Design?, p. 58-60
The hearing ear, and the seeing eye, the LORD hath made even both of them. -Proverbs 20:12 KJV
It has been said that the human brain is the most complex structure in the universe. During intense concentration, your brain can burn as many calories as your muscles use during exercise. Intense thinking can be as physically exhausting as a physical workout. More than 100,000 chemical reactions per second can occur within your brain.
Our brains act as far more than a motor control center or place to capture memories. Along with these functions, the brain also acts as a chemical factory. Our brains produce over 50 different drugs needed to control our body, emotions, and thoughts. Some of these chemicals affect memory, others intelligence, while still others are sedatives. For example, endorphin, the brain's pain killer, is three times more potent than morphine. Sertonin is produced by the brain to moderate our moods. Dopamine seems to affect how talkative and excitable people become. Another hormone regulates hunger.
The brain is also a radio transmitter, sending out measurable electromagnetic signals. In fact, the brain has been shown to continue sending these signals for as long as 37 hours after death!
We only understand a small part of how the brain operates. Yet our growing knowledge of the brain is sufficient to conclude that the design of this incredible organ is no accident.
Letting God Create Your Day, Vol. 2, p. 59
Can you fathom the mysteries of God? Can you probe the limits of the Almighty? -Job 11:7
Healing is a remarkable process. There is intelligent design involved in both the order of the steps which our bodies use to repair wounds and the advanced biochemistry needed to make those steps happen. The process of healing a wound proceeds as follows:
1. As soon as you cut yourself, the bleeding must be stopped while the scab is forming over the surface of the wound; the blood below is making a completely different kind of clot out of blood platelets and protein.
The human body is an incredible engineering marvel!
Letting God Create Your Day, Vol. 4, p. 77
Your compassion is great, O LORD; my life according to your laws. -Psalm 119:156
God created our bodies with features suited for their required functions. By starting with this truth it becomes apparent that back problems are the result of poorly maintained muscles or abuse, rather than inadequate design. The curve of our lumbar (lower) spine is toward the front, the opposite of apes. This is thought by evolutionists to be the result of mankind adapting to the upright posture. Yet this forward curvature serves a beautiful purpose. Like the arch of a bridge, it adds strength, allowing a person to lift more weight (proportionally) than an ape with its opposite spin.
The vertebrae of the human spine also increase in size toward the bottom. Four-legged animals have uniform-sized bones all along their spinal column. If we evolved from four-legged creatures, why are our spinal columns designed so differently?
There is much we can learn from the design of the human spine. Mankind has only recently learned to produce strong yet lightweight building structures by sandwiching foam materials between solid plates. Yet the bones of the spinal column have been "foam filled" with canceleous bone (an open, latticed, or porous structure) surrounded by harder cortical bone. Our spinal bones are also designed like radial-ply tires, with each disc having radial-ply fibers. This construction makes a healthy disc stronger than solid bone.
Creation Magazine, 25:1, 2/03, p. 25-27
Give unto the LORD the glory due unto his name; worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness. Psalm 29:2 KJV
The brain has over 10 billion nerve cells and 100 billion glia cells (which provide the biological "batteries" for brain activity). these cells float in a jellied mass, sifting through information, storing memories, creating what we call consciousness, etc. Over 120 trillion connections tie these cells together. The brain sends out electrical impulses at almost 300 mph and receives 2,000 responses per second from each nerve center in the body. The grain continuously receives signals from 137,000,000 light receptors in the eyes, 100,000 hearing receptors in the ears, 3,000 taste buds, 30,000 heat sensors on the skin, 250,000 cold sensors, and 500,000 touch sensors.
The brain does not move, yet consumes 25% of the blood's oxygen supply. The brain is constantly bathed in blood and receives 20% of all the blood pumped from the heart. If the blood flow is interrupted for 15 to 30 seconds, unconsciousness results. If blood flow is cut off to the brain for more than four minutes, permanent brain damage results.
How can anyone believe this magnificent structure was not designed?
The Revelation of God and Nature, p. 11-12
Fearfully and Wondrously Made, p. 188-189
He performs wonders that cannot be fathomed, miracles that cannot be counted. -Job 9:10