One of the most straightforward evidences that our solar system is quire young is the presence of comets. With each trip past the sun, a comet loses part of its icy core. A comet's tail is evidence of material being stripped away by the sun's heat. Evolutionary astronomers acknowledge that comets could not be very old, but speculate that they are still around because they are being replenished from a storehouse of comets called the Oort cloud. The Oort cloud is a hypothetical area outside of our solar system where millions of comets supposedly reside. They speculate that some unknown mechanism kicks comets out of this storehouse into orbit within our solar system. There is absolutely no evidence for the existence of the Oort cloud.
A recent study published in Nature [409(6820):589-591] shows additional problems for the belief in the imaginary Oort clod. For such an area in space to statistically have enough comets such that one occasionally enters our solar system, far more would be destroyed by collisions within the Oort clod itself - not leaving enough to enter our solar system. The Oort cloud does not qualify as a scientific theory, because there is no evidence of its existence. It is just assumed to exist. Yet it is taught as a fact in science textbooks. The very existence of comets is still excellent evidence that our solar system us but a few thousand years old.
TJ Journal, Vol. 15(2), p. 11
The heavens declared the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of His hands. - Psalm 19:1
If the universe is only thousands of years old, how did light from distant stars reach the earth? At its current speed, light would take billions of years to reach Earth from distant galaxies. One solution to this problem, based on the known laws of relativity, was proposed by a Ph.D. physics researcher from Los Alamos National Laboratories.
A former atheist, Dr. Humphreys discovered that combining biblical assumptions with the laws of relativity solved the mystery. He started with these assumptions:
The surprising result was the discovery that time moved in extreme "fast forward" for distant galaxies during the formation of the universe. It is a scientific fact that we live in a universe in which time moves at different rates, depending on your location. This "time dilation effect" would have been magnified tremendously as the universe was originally expanding. During this expansion, only days were passing near the center, while billions of years were passing in the distant heavens. This allowed light from distant galaxies time to reach the younger earth. The heavens look quite "old," even though very little time has passed here on Earth.
There is no contradiction between modern science and the straightforward statements of the Bible.
Starlight and Time: solving the Puzzle of Distant Starlight in a Young Universe
This is what God the LORD says - he who created the heavens and stretched them out, who spread out the earth and all that comes out of it, who gives breath to its people, and life to those who walk on it... - Isaiah 42:5
In the writings of virtually all civilized nations going back to Rome Greece, Egypt, Persia, Assyria, and Babylonia, there exists a description of the major star systems. Mankind has called these 12 star systems the "Constellations of the Zodiac" and has attached mystical meanings and powers to them. It is intriguing that nearly all nations had the same 12 signs, placed in the same order, all representing the same things. Secular archeologists, who deny the dispersion of man from a single source (the tower of Babel), cannot explain how so many nations have the same signs for the constellations which bear no resemblance to the pictures they supposedly represent.
The Bible sheds light on this mystery in several places:
Some believe a study of the constellations reveals the gospel through the heavens. Each constellation, from Virgo (meaning "virgin") to Leo (meaning "he that tears apart"), unfolds the story of Christ. Christ was the God-man who came to die in payment for man's sins, redeem those who make Him Lord of their lives, and conquer the serpent, Satan.
The Real Meaning of the Zodiac
And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years... -Genesis 1:14 KJV
In 1979, the Voyager space probe filmed a volcano erupting on Io, one of Jupiter's inner moons. This discovery amazed the NASA scientists who believed in the evolutionary concept that the solar system is billions of years old. Small bodies such as this moon should have cooled off long ago. Io, however, was not found to be cold and dead, but was literally bubbling with volcanoes. The cameras on voyager even recorded one volcanic eruption on the moon's rim that sent fire and brimstone more than 100 miles into space. Where did this interior heat come from? Before this observation, the earth was considered the only geologically active body in the solar system, but Io was found to be even more active.
The fact that Io still has volcanic activity when it is supposedly almost 5 billion years old has no adequate explanation. Scientists have scrambled to find explanations, attributing the heat to Jupiter's gravitational pull or to radioactive decay in Io's core, but neither explanation fits the observations. It is only the assumptions of evolution that blind researchers to the most obvious solution. Perhaps Io is still hot because it is simply not very old!
It's a Young world After All, p.43-44
The heavens declare the glory of god; the skies proclaim the work of his hands. Day after day they pour forth speech; night after night they display knowledge
The big bang theory assumes that the universe is infinite in extent and that the earth is randomly located in space. In other words, there is nothing special about the earth or its location. In contrast to this philosophical viewpoint, the Bible clearly states that the universe was created to show God's glory and character to mankind and that mankind is the focus or God's attention. Thus, placing the earth near the center of the universe would seem quite logical.
Evidence of the earth's location within the universe comes from the observation that there seems to be approximately the same number of galaxies in all directions from the earth. This is far to coincidental, unless the earth is actually located near the center. Even more significant are the concentric rings of galaxies at equal increments of distance from our galaxy, the Milky Way. In other words, during the formation of the universe, distinct bands of galaxies formed at uniform distances from the starting point like waves spreading out from a rock thrown into a pond. The Bible states that heavens were stretched out, and this is exactly what we observe if our galaxy is at the center of this expansion. We could only observe the spherical pattern of galaxies if the earth is near the center. If the earth were anywhere else, we could not observe these galaxies in this concentric pattern.
No explanation other than the earth being at the center of the universe accounts for these known observations. Unless God specifically placed the earth here, the odds of the earth being at this special location are less than a trillion to one.
TJ: The In-depth Journal of Creation, Vol. 16 (2) 2002, p. 95-104
When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have set in place, what is man that you are mindful of him, the son of man that you care for him? -Psalm 8: 3-4
Light from the most distant stars in our universe would take billions of years to reach the earth. Is the universe really billions of years old, or did God create light en route to Earth with images of exploding stars at the same time He created the stars? Or is there a better explanation?
Ph.D. physicist Barry Setterfield has proposed that historical measurements of light indicated that its speed may be slowing down. The speed of light is different through various mediums. For instance, the speed of light through sodium atoms, near absolute zero, is only 38 miles per hour- 20 million times slower than its speed in a vacuum. So what else could change the speed of light?
Modern physics tell us that even with every atom removed and cooled to absolute zero, each cubic centimeter of "empty" space contains the equivalent of 100 million years of energy output from our entire galaxy! This energy content of "empty space" is called the zero-point energy. If this energy content changed, so would the speed with which light travels through space. Did God create the entire universe starting with this zero-point energy by converting some of it to matter? If so, the speed of light could have been trillions of times faster as this energy was being converted to matter.
Although quite controversial, this theory is one of many possible explanations for how distant light could have reached Earth in a recently created universe. There is no scientific reason to assume the universe was not created quite recently.
"The Setterfield Hypothesis",
The day is thine, the night also is thine: thou hast prepared the light and the sun. - Psalm 74: 16 KJV
When space probes passed Saturn late last century, they sent pictures of complex and intricately inner-woven rings made from billions of individual particles. Scientists are amazed at the appearance of turbulence and instability in Saturn's rings. The reason astronomers were surprised was the presupposition that the solar system is approximately five billion years old.
For Saturn's rings to have existed for billions of years, they would need to be in extremely stable orbits. The rings of Saturn are assumed to be made from leftover debris after the formation of the planet. The instability of the orbits of these individual particles is extremely perplexing. Known laws of physics dictate that the particles should have disappeared long ago. If, on the other hand, the rings are only a few thousand years old, what we see in Saturn's rings are consistent with known physical laws.
As research continues, scientists are finding that most dating methods do not support the concept that our solar system is billions of years old. Primarily because evolution demands vast amounts of time to be considered feasible, only long-age dating methods are mentioned in schoolbooks and popular media. This indoctrination makes it very difficult for students and adults to even consider the evidence that the universe is not so old after all.
It's a Young World After All, p. 45
Behold, the heaven and the heaven of heavens is the LORD's thy God, the earth also, with all that therein is. -Deuteronomy 10: 14 KJV
Every subject addressed by the Bible reveals absolute accuracy which could only have been divinely inspired. Even 500 years ago many people thought the earth was flat. Yet the prophet Isaiah spoke of the earth being a "circle." The Hebrew word for circle was khug, which means something with "roundness or sphericity." How did Isaiah know this?
Jeremiah the prophet declared that the stars in the sky were countless. In Jeremiah's time (600 B.C.) only about 3,000 stars could be seen on a clear night with the naked eye.
Twenty-two centuries later, Galileo caught a glimpse of the vastly greater number of stars with his telescope. For the first time, humans were able to see how numerous the stars are and admit that what God said about the stars being countless (by human beings) is literally true. It was not until the last century, however, that Sir James Jean (1930) wrote in his book Mysterious Universe that the "total number of stars is roughly equal to the total number of grains of sand on all the seashores of all the world." This scientific truth was revealed by God 2,500 years before it was discovered by man.
A Study Course in Christian Evidences, p. 132
Myths and Miracles, p. 26
He sits enthroned above the circle of the earth.... - Isaiah 40: 22 "as countless as the stars of the sky and as measureless as the sand on the seashore." -Jeremiah 33: 22
The Bible says, "There is nothing new under the sun." (Ecclesiastes. 1: 9) A good example of this is the knowledge of astronomy which the ancient Mayans of Central America had. These people built numerous observatories, like the one found at Chichen Itza in the Yucatan Peninsula. The Mayan people seem to have been focused on charting the paths of the stars and planets. Their ancient astronomers devised an accurate cosmic clock to predict the solstices and equinoxes (first day of each of the four seasons). Their mathematics and astronomical calculations were so precise; they were able to figure the length of a solar year to within 2/ 10,000 of a day. The Mayans calculated the length of each year at 365.2420 days. Only recently have astronomers been able to calculate the solar year with any greater accuracy at 365.2422 days.
Every ancient civilization seems to have suddenly popped into existence about 5,000 years ago- exactly when the Bible states that the worldwide Flood ended and people spread across the face of the earth. Ancient civilizations such as the Mayan showed amazing intelligence and ingenuity from the very onset. The words of the Bible prove to be true time and time again.
Unlocking the Mysteries of Creation, premier ed., p. 216
What has been will be again, what has been done will be done again; there is nothing new under the sun.... There is no remembrance of men of old, and even those who are yet to come will not be remembered by those who follow. - Ecclesiastes 1: 9, 11
As astronomers look far out into the universe with increasingly more powerful telescopes, they observe that rapidly moving galaxies often cluster tightly together. If these galaxies started out as a single point of matter (as we have been taught by the big bang theory), they should be evenly dispersed by now. For galaxies to remain tightly clustered is analogous to throwing a handful of rocks at a target 20 feet away and having every one of the rocks hit the exact center of the target. This never happens, because the individual rocks spread out as they travel different trajectories at different speeds. It is only right after they leave your hand that they will all be in close proximity.
The same is true of these clusters. If they have been moving through space for billions of years, they should not be in tight clusters, but widely spread apart. This is one of the huge problems which have many scientists doubting the validity of the big bang theory. The galaxies within clusters are so close together, they could not have been flying apart for very long. The visible mass of these clusters is much too small to hold the galaxies together by gravity. Based on observable evidence, they are in close proximity because they were recently created.
In the Beginning, 7th ed., p. 35
Creation ex Nihilo Magazine, Vol. 20, no. 3, June- August 1998, p. 42-44
"Do you know the laws of the heavens? Can you set up God's dominion over the earth?" - Job 38: 33
The perfection of God's design can be seen when we study our planet. The earth's distance from the sun is exactly right for maintaining the delicate balance of the earth's temperature. If the average temperature of the earth were raised only two or three degrees, the ice sheets and glaciers would melt, putting London and New York under 200 feet of water.
The size of the earth is also crucial. If it were too small, the earth's weakened gravitational field could hold neither air nor water. If the earth were twice as large, the atmosphere would be pulled closer to its surface and everything would weigh eight times more. Even the total volume of gas in our atmosphere is critical. If the air were thinner, it would not provide adequate protection from the 20,000 or so meteorites that rush toward the earth daily. With thinner air the earth's temperature would also drop, making life impossible. The 23.5 degree tilt of the earth's axis is perfect for enabling us to have our seasons and double the amount of arable (crop-growing) land on our planet.
Which is the more logical belief?
1. The precise balance of conditions necessary to maintain life upon earth just happened by chance.
Myths and Miracles, p. 24
It Couldn't Just Happen, p. 27
For by him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible.... He is before all things, and in him all things hold together.
Evolutionary scientists believe that matter spewed from exploding stars was used to form planets. They teach that the solar system and the sun formed from this great cloud of compacting gas. Yet they have no undisputed explanation for why Mars, Earth, Venus, and Mercury do not have the same high percentage of hydrogen and helium as our sun and the rest of the visible universe. Less than 1% of these planets are composed of hydrogen and helium.
How could this be, given the current prevalent theory that our solar system is the result of a condensing cloud of hydrogen gas? How could 99.86% of the mass within our solar system (our sun) be made of hydrogen and helium, while the four planets closest to the sun are composed almost entirely of heavier elements?
Something is seriously wrong with the theory of solar system evolution, which is being taught to our children as if it were a fact.
In the Beginning, 7th ed., p. 19
Praise him, you highest heavens and you waters above the skies. Let them praise the name of the LORD, for he commanded and they were created. -Psalm 148: 4-5
By studying any basic astronomy textbook, one can see some obvious problems with the big bang theory. For example:
Where did everything come from that supposedly expanded to form the entire universe?
How could an explosion have created the incredible order which we find throughout the universe?
We see stars periodically exploding, but have never seen a new one form. Why aren't stars coming into existence?
Even more intriguing, why is there so much diversity in the various structures we see in the universe? One would logically expect that the matter in space would be of relatively similar random composition if formed by the big bang. This is not the case. Comets, asteroids, and meteoroids are all composed of different substances, as are each of the planets in our solar system.
The moons which orbit our planets present a problem to evolutionary scientists, as well. Their composition is not only different from each other, but also from the very planets they orbit. Where did all this diversity come from? All of the beauty, complexity, and diversity of the universe point to our Creator God.
Any basic high school earth science or astronomy textbook</DI
The heavens proclaim his righteousness, and all the peoples see his glory. -Psalm 97:6
Evolutionists have no adequate explanation for why, if our solar system evolved, the planets do not all spin in the same direction. Most planets rotate in the same direction as their orbits; but Venus, Uranus, and Pluto rotate backwards.
In the nebula model of solar system evolution, the 72 known moons should orbit planets in the same direction. Instead, at least eight moons have backward orbits. The planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune have moons orbiting in both directions!
These types of undisputed observations contradict the current theories of how the solar system evolved. They are, however, exactly what an all-powerful Creator, who wanted to reveal His hand in creation, would place in the universe for our enjoyment.
What grand diversity we see exhibited by our Creator!
In the Beginning, 7th ed., p. 21
Dominion and awe belong to God; he establishes order in the heights of heaven. Can his forces be numbered?... -Job 25:2-3
Many stars end their lives with a bright explosion called a supernova. These deaths have been recorded throughout history. Similarly, star births should be accomplished by the appearance of new starlight in an area of the sky where no star has previously been seen. Yet no new light has ever appeared in any area of the sky photographed decades earlier. If stars evolve, star births should about equal star deaths.
It is widely reported that stars are forming in various parts of the universe. What is actually seen are great dust clouds surrounding existing or former stars. We have never seen a star born, but we have seen hundreds of stars die.
Scientific observation of the heavens has revealed absolutely no evidence that stars have ever evolved. Although there is much speculation, there is also no sound scientific explanation for how stars could ever evolve from clouds of dispersed gas.
In the Beginning, 7th ed., p. 27
The Bible clearly states God made the stars and set them in the sky on the 4th day of creation and that He completed His creation of the 6th day. -Genesis 1:16-19, 2:1-4 (summarized)
Stars are thought to have taken millions of years to form after the initial "big bang" spewed matter through the expanding universe. According to the current theory of stellar evolution, a star goes through several stages. First, under the effects of gravity, gas molecules supposedly come together until they ignite a nuclear reaction in the star's interior. No one really understands how this can happen. Next the star burns brightly for hundreds of millions of years before expanding into a "red giant". Eventually this red giant slowly collapses to form a white dwarf. Sirius B is said to be a white dwarf star. Sirius B is a huge mystery for those who believe the accepted theory of stellar evolution.
Both Egyptian astronomers (2000 B.C.) and the Roman Senator Cicero (50 B.C.) described Sirius B as a red star. Other ancient writers called Sirius B "more red than Mars." One of the most famous astronomers in history, Ptolemy (150 A.D.), listed Sirius as one of six red stars. There can be no question that Sirius was red, Yet today Sirius b has become a white dwarf star. According to modern evolutionary assumptions, it should take at least 100,000 years for a red giant to collapse into a white dwarf star. It is still hotly debated how the red giant Sirius B became a white dwarf in less than 2,000 years.
Sirius B shines forth as a beacon, casting doubt on the most basic theories of stellar evolution and the gradual formation of our universe.
Letting God Create Your Day, Vol. 2, p. 133
"My own hand laid the foundations of the earth, and my right hand spread out the heavens: when I summon them, they all stand up together."
Evolution requires vast amounts of time to make the impossibility of chemicals forming life by themselves seem reasonable. A young earth, however, would have to be the work of a Creator. There are many ways in which our universe witnesses to its young age, thereby bringing glory to God, rather than to random-chance processes.
The space probe Mariner 10 studied the magnetic field of the small planet Mercury in 1974 and 1975. Base on the assumption that the solar system is almost 5 billion years old, scientists assumed that this small planet should long ago have come to equilibrium and loose all of its magnetic field. To their amazement, scientists discovered that Mercury's magnetic field was still active. If Mercury is only about 6,000 years old (which is consistent with the Bible's history of things), it is no mystery why Mercury would still have a measurable magnetic field. No other satisfactory explanation exists.
Letting God Create Your Day, Vol. 4, p. 28
The heavens praise your wonders, O LORD, your faithfulness too, in the assembly of the holy ones. For who in the skies above can compare with the LORD?... -Psalm 48:5-6
Theories on the specifics of how god created can change as more information becomes available. Many original measurements of the sun's diameter indicated that it was shrinking far too fast to have allowed its age to be billions of years old. Furthermore, the original measurements of the neutrinos (a subatomic particle produced during nuclear fusion) produced by the sun seemed to confirm that nuclear reactions did not account for all of the energy being emanated by the sun. However, more recent measurements of both shrinkage and neutrinos have confirmed that nuclear power does indeed account for the energy emanated from stars and there is no rapid shrinkage of the sun occurring.
Yet, it is the modern scientific assumption of naturalism which has produced most major blunders of modern science. For instance, the area of the horse-head nebula within the constellation of Orion was for years thought to be an area of "star formation" because new points of light seeped to appear within the nebular gas field. However, it is now acknowledged that the "new stars" are actually stars behind the gas cloud which became visible as the nebula spread out and dissipated. Not a single new star has ever been shown to have appeared, yet thousands have disintegrated in supernovas. This is a strong support of the creation model which states that God made the stars on day 4 of creation. Hydrogen gas simply does not condense to form stars within the vacuum of space.
Answers Magazine, December 4, 2007
And this is my prayer: that your love may abound more and more in knowledge of insight, so that you may be able to discern what is best and may be pure and blameless until the day of Christ... -Philippians 1:9-10