Geology

December 2

Large river canyons are assumed to have been taken millions of years to form as stream beds  were washed away a particle  at time.  When Mount St. Helens erupted in 1980, it provided a much better model, demonstrating how new river canyons can form rapidly.

During the Mount St. Helens' eruption, there were numerous mudflows, because water backed up behind newly deposited sediment.  when the water broke through in one area, a large mud flow resulted, cutting a new 140-foot deep canyon.  The power of flowing water to create massive geologic features has astounded geologists.  This "little Grand Canyon" is 40 times smaller then the Grand Canyon in Arizona.  However, both now have a comparatively tiny stream meandering through a large river canyon.  The walls of this new canyon even display the same  horizontal bands of sediment commonly seen in road cuts or within the real Grand Canyon.

Mt. St. Helens' little Grand Canyon was not carved out over millions of  years, but in one day by a large volume of water.  This provides a model showing that other massive geologic features of our planet, like the Grand Canyon in Arizona - were not necessarily  formed gradually over millions of years.  Most of the earth's major geological features are a direct consequence of the worldwide Flood.

Creation, Evolution, and the Age of the Earth, p. 48

"He [God} moves mountains without their knowing it and overturns them in his anger." - Job 9:5

December 7

Petrified wood does not require millions of  years to form.  Several laboratory experiments have shown that under certain conditions wood can be petrified quite rapidly.  During one field experiment, researchers lowered a block of wood into an alkaline spring in Yellowstone National Park.  After one year in the hot silica-rich water, a substantial amount of the wood had been converted into stony material.  Furthermore, artificially petrified wood is even being commercially produced to make true "hardwood" floors.

During the petrifaction process, minerals fill the pores and cavities of an organic structure.  Next the tissue is dissolved, leaving spaces, where it once was.  In the final stage, minerals solidify into the voids left by the missing organic matter.  It takes the right conditions, not necessarily long periods of time, to petrify wood.  Ground water percolating through hot volcanic ash (which typically is rich in silica) is thought to be the ideal natural environment for the rapid petrifaction of wood.  These conditions would have been found worldwide during and after the Flood of Noah.

Petrified trees in national parks from Arizona to Montana are not a testimony to millions of years of Earth history, but to the relatively recent worldwide Flood which our planet has experienced.

The Young Earth, p. 113-114

It is the glory of God to conceal a matter; to search out a matter is the glory of kings. - Proverbs 25:2

The evolutionary model assumes that coal formed gradually over long time periods from decaying plants.  Coal deposits are believed to be the compacted accumulation of generations of swamp plants which were covered by other sediments over millions of years.    In reality, the nature of coal deposits contradicts this slow and gradual model.  For example:
     1. Well-preserved remains of leaves and insects are frequently found in coal.  This requires that the vegetation was buried very quickly (such as would happened during a massive flood) in order to have prevented the remains from rotting.
     2. Coal deposits covering  thousands of square miles are found hundreds of feet thick.  This testifies to a flood of worldwide extent.  The "swamp model" of coal formation does not explain the massive extent of coal reserves.
     3. Coal seams are found in repeated overlying layers, often separated by sterile rock types with no sign of soil.  This indicates burial under water (with sediment washing in between layers), not slow accumulation from swamps.

Coal is a buried testimony to both the Worldwide flood and the incompatibility of God with sin.

unlocking the Mysteries of Creation, 1st Ed., p.131

"...I will send rain on the earth for forty days and forty nights, and I will wipe from the face of the earth every living creature I have made."  -Genesis 7:4 

January 17

January 30

as evolutionists say, the earth formed as a hot molten mass, it soul have cooled to its present temperature if far less than 4.5 billion years.  Evolutionists believe that radioactive decay accounts for the still-elevated temperature of the earth's core.  Yet estimates of the amount of heat created by radioactive decay cannot account for the heat present in the earth's core-unless the earth is much younger than assumed.

The high temperature at the core of the earth testifies to a young earth.  Lord Kelvin used this argument to show that evolutionary geologists of his day were wrong about the age of the earth and his conclusions are still accurate today.  In spite of this type of evidence, evolutionists continue to claim that the earth is about 4.5 billion years old.

The vast majority of scientific dating methods indicate that the earth is quite young.  Since the earth was created as a fully formed and functional planet, its core temperature would have been very high-similar to today-from the very beginning.  The fact that the core of the earth is still quite hot confirms what Christians who take the word of God seriously have believed all along-both the earth and the entire universe were formed quite recently. 

In the Beginning, 7th ed., p.33

...speak to the earth, and it will teach you....  -Job 12:8

February 14

The fossilization of large organisms such as dinosaurs and whole trees presents a problem for the traditional evolutionary approach to fossilization.  Some of these fossils (called poly strata fossils) are found intact and poking through multiple rock layers.  Organisms of this size could never have been fossilized by a slow burial over time.  Observation of the world around us shows that organisms decay rather than fossilize.  Think how long it would take to bury a huge dinosaur body by slow sedimentation over large periods of time.  The body would be long gone before it was ever buried.  One must conclude that these types of fossils were rapidly buried under large amounts of sediment.

In Newcastle, England, a fossilized tree 59 feet long and almost six and a half feet in diameter was found buried at a 40 degree angle.  The tree goes through ten separate layers of coal.  This evidence fits the biblical model, but cannot possibly be explained by slow burial over millions of years.  It is the extent, character, and number of these types of geological formations that testify to the worldwide Flood spoken of in the Bible.

The Creation,  p. 89-90

...the waters stood above the mountains.  But at your rebuke, the waters fled...they flowed over the mountains, they went down into the valleys, to the place you assigned for them.  -Psalm 104:6-8

March 11

Textbooks have taught for generations that the massive coal formations, which are found around the globe, have taken millions of years to form.  Creation scientists have refuted this claim, citing multiple experimental evidences showing that coal can be produced in much less time under high pressure and temperature conditions.  It has recently been shown that under certain conditions high pressure is not even necessary.

Scientists at the Argonne National Laboratory took ordinary wood fragments mixed with acid-activated clay and water, and heated it at 300 degrees Fahrenheit for 28 days in an air-free quartz tube.  They obtained a high grade of black coal, even without the addition of pressure.  This proved millions of years are not necessary to explain the formation of coal.

Sadly, the standard textbook model involving millions of years and gradual formation of coal by peat swamps remains the only model presented to students.  One wonders why this is the only possibility presented.  Why is the possibility of a worldwide flood and rapid formation ignored?  Sound scientific practice requires the consideration of all theories of coal formation, rather than teaching a single possibility as if it were a fact.

Letting god Create Your Day,  Vol. 3, p. 114

He made the earth by his power; he founded the world by his wisdom.... -Jeremiah 51:15

March 22

Geology

Geology

Geology

Geology

Geology

Geology

In public schools, children are usually given only one possible explanation for the geologic features of our planet.  Leaving out alternative evidence, their thoughts are guided toward only one conclusion.  A prime example is the earth science teaching on continental drift.  Students are shown that there is a roughly matching fit between the North and South American continents with the African and European continents.  They are then told that the rock layers at the edges of these continents match.  Finally they are told that the continents are moving apart at approximately 3 cm per year.  Under the "critical thinking" questions, students are told the continents are 3,000 miles apart and asked to calculate the time required for them to have reached their present positions.

The problem with this type of teaching is that it sounds logical and scholarly, but fails to give students all the information they need to draw the correct conclusion.  Left out is the evidence that mechanism have been identified showing how the continents could have moved apart rapidly in the past.  No mention is made of the evidence showing that the Mid-Atlantic Ridge reveals enormous and rapid geologic activity.  Withheld is the evidence indicating rapid formation of mountain ranges.

Nor are students exposed to the evidence that current erosion rates show that the continents could not possibly be millions of years old.  If students were given all of this additional information, would they still arrive at the conclusion that the earth formed billions of years ago?

-Bruce Malone

To Eber were born two sons: the mane of one was Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided.... -Genesis 10:25 NKJV

Geology

June 28

In 1961 the bones of three dinosaur species and two tropical reptiles were reported on the Alaskan tundra near Prudhoe Bay. Today, this area is far too cold to support such life. The remains of many other warm weather species have also been discovered in the far North. Were these organisms carried there by the worldwide Flood, or was the climate o the earth vastly different in the past?

The most recent creation research indicates that the climate around the Arctic Ocean would have been quite mild for centuries after the worldwide Flood. This area would have remained relatively warm until the oceans cooled off from the tectonic and volcanic flood activity. Once this body of water permanently froze over the climate rapidly changed, trapping temperate animals and vegetation into a permanently frozen state.

This theory may someday prove to be wrong. Other Earth characteristics such as the worldwide Flood, the roundness of the glove, the paths of water in the ocean, the weight of air, the hydraulic water cycle, and many other recent discoveries of Earth science are specifically mentioned in the Bible. Modern science has confirmed the total accuracy of these statements.

While we don't depend on science to prove the Bible accurate, scientific findings have never disagreed with the clear and straightforward statements which the bible makes about science and Earth history.

Letting God Create Your Day, Vol. 3, p. 219

And god made the firmament [atmosphere] and separated the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament. And it was so. -Genesis 1:7 RSV

July 26

Geology

The soil which sustains life covers the earth's bedrock at an average depth of less than 12 inches. Without this layer of life-producing dirt, the earth would be as dead and sterile as the moon. This thin film of soil stands between man and extinction. Scientists estimate that it takes 5,000 to 20,000 years for plant growth, bacterial decay, and erosion to produce six inches of topsoil. If the earth is billions of years old, why this there not more top soil? If it has been washed into the ocean by erosion, the ocean floor should be covered with soil and sediment hundreds of feet thick. This is not what oceanographers have found.

In places where there is a local accumulation of eroded soil, such as river deltas, the evidence also indicates a young earth. The Mississippi River carries tremendous amounts of soil and silt into the Gulf of Mexico each year. This material settles into the gulf, forming an ever-growing river delta. By measuring the rate at which silt is carried into the gulf and the size of the current delta, it is possible to calculate how long the Mississippi River has been in existence. The result of this calculation is far less than the millions of years that geologists tell us the Mississippi River has been around, but is exactly what would be expected if the river was formed following a relatively recent worldwide Flood. Why is evidence like this left out of textbooks?

Unlocking the Mysteries of Creation, premier edition, p. 52

"This is what the LORD says, he who made the earth, the LORD who formed it and established it - the LORD is his name ... " -Jeremiah 33:2

August 30 

Geology

In the early 1800's it was noticed that certain fossils are usually preserved in sedimentary rock layers that lie above other types of fossils. After the theory of evolution was proposed, it was concluded that the upper organisms must have evolved after the lower organisms. Next, geologic ages were associated with layers containing certain extinct "index fossils." Those ages were extended to similar animals and plants based on the assumption that evolution is a fact. Fossil animals found in the same layers were assumed to have evolved about the same time. These early geologists did not realize that there were alternative explanations for how these fossils or rock formed.

Noah's flood also explains the general tendency for sea creatures to be found in the lowest rock layers and more "complex" land animals to be found in higher layers. Even on a world wide scale it is reasonable to expect that marine animals would be buried first, followed by amphibians, with land mammals last due to their mobility and environment.

Evolutionists simply interpret the data incorrectly because they deny the reality of the worldwide Flood.  Geological formations are almost always dated by their fossil content which, as stated above, assumes evolution. Yet evolution is supposedly shown by the sequence of fossils. This circular reasoning does not prove evolution but shows the poor logic and faulty reasoning inherent in evolution.

In the Beginning, 7th ed., p. 28-29

" 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: Woe to the foolish prophets who follow their own spirit and have seen nothing!' " -Ezekiel 13:3

September 10

Geology

There are numerous places in the geologic column where rock material from deep underlying rocks has "oozed" up through cracks into the rock layers above. Solid rock, after being buried for millions of years, would not ooze through cracks.

According to evolutionary geological interpretation, there is a sandstone layer near Colorado's Ute Pass fault which was supposedly laid down under an ancient ocean 500 million years ago. The rock layer directly over this sandstone is allegedly only 70 million years old. Some of the sandstone from the "500-million-year-old" rock supposedly oozed up through cracks in the overlying "70-million-year-old" rock layer. To explain this, evolutionary geologists are forced to believe that the underlying sandstone failed to solidify for 430 million years.

A better explanation is that the two rock layers were laid down within a short time span of each other. The lower sandstone layer oozed up through the cracks because the underlying sand had not yet hardened. The structure of the sandstone in the cracks is identical to the structure in the underlying rock. This indicates that both layers had to have hardened close to the same time and millions of years have not passed between the formations of these rock layers. These structures, called clastic dikes, are quite common around the world. Rock layers such as these support the conclusion that almost all sedimentary rock in the result of a flood of global proportions.

Why is this better explanation not considered? Could it be because accepting this explanation which is the most straightforward interpretation of the data invalidates the evidence for evolution and an old earth?

Proceedings of the 1st International Conference of Creationism, p. 3-5

"Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth? Tell me, if you have understanding, who set its measurements...on what were its bases sunk..."
 
-Job 38:4-6 NASV

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